Sattu is a popular and nutritious food product that originates from the Indian subcontinent, particularly from the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh. It is made by dry roasting Bengal gram (chana dal) and then grinding it into a fine powder. Sometimes, other grains like barley or wheat are also used in the preparation of sattu.
This versatile and traditional food has been consumed for centuries and is known for its high nutritional content and health benefits. Here are some key features of sattu:
1. Nutritional Benefits: Sattu is packed with essential nutrients such as protein, dietary fiber, iron, magnesium, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals. It is particularly favored by vegetarians and vegans due to its protein-rich nature.
2. Cooling Effect: Sattu is often consumed during the hot summer months because it is believed to have a cooling effect on the body. It helps in quenching thirst and provides a refreshing drink when mixed with water.
3. Different Forms: Sattu can be consumed in various forms. The most common way to enjoy it is by mixing the sattu flour with water and adding some salt, spices, and herbs to make a nutritious and filling drink. This drink is known as "sattu ka sharbat" or "sattu drink." Sattu is also used to make savory dishes like litti chokha, a popular traditional dish from Bihar.
4. Instant Energy: Due to its high protein and nutrient content, sattu is considered an excellent source of instant energy. It is often consumed by laborers and workers to get a quick boost of energy during the day.
5. Digestive Benefits: Sattu is known for its digestive properties and is considered good for gut health. Its high fiber content aids in digestion and can provide relief from constipation.
6. Low Glycemic Index: Sattu has a relatively low glycemic index, making it a suitable food for people with diabetes or those looking to manage their blood sugar levels.
Overall, sattu is a nutritious and healthy food option that has been an integral part of Indian culinary tradition for generations. It offers a unique blend of taste, health benefits, and versatility, making it a favorite among people of all ages.